The Apidae family is one of the largest honey bee families including more than 5700 species. Honey bees and bumble bees are the most common type of bees included in this family. Apart from these variety, stingless bees, carpenter bees, orchid bees, cuckoo bees, etc. are some other lesser known groups of honey bees.
How do these bees look?
Grown-up honey bees are short solid insects which are fuzzier than their family members the wasps and the ants. They have biting mouthparts, four wings, and straight antennae. The vast majority of them have yellow and dark stripes, yet some are radiant green, and some are altogether dark. Most honey bees can give an agonizing sting. Honey bee hatchlings and pupae are never found outside their home. Honey bee hatchlings look like grubs, with delicate white bodies, no legs and earthy colored heads. Queen bees are larger in size than different individuals from their colonies, with worker bees being the smallest and male drones ranging in the middle.
Where do they reside?
There are a huge number of bees found in all parts of the world. These bees can and do survive in practically any sort of environment. The only place where it becomes difficult for the bees to survive is in extreme cold climatic conditions.
Habitat of the Apidae Family
They usually live in the areas where there are plenty of flower sources to collect nectar from. Some exceptional honey bees can tolerate very cold temperatures and live in high altitudes. Honey bees are usually found in - temperate, tropical and terrestrial habitats.
(c) Desert or dune
(g) Scrub forest
How Bees Grow & Develop?
Honey bees are holometabulous creatures. This implies that they go through complete transformation, going through egg, larval, and pupal stages prior to arising as a grown-up bee.
Eggs are prolong, white, delicately curved, and have a delicate membranous shell. In friendly species, eggs are not laid with any food as worker bees feed hatchlings when they incubate. In single species, eggs are laid upon or close to a food source encased in a cell with the hatchlings.
Larvae are delicate, whitish and grublike. They develop rapidly, shedding around multiple times as they develop. The bumble bee has 5 larval instars (sheds). Cleptoparasitic taxa hatch from the egg with an enormous sclerotized head and bended mandibles, which they use to kill the host larvae or egg. They at that point start to eat the hosts' food source, and take the ordinary grublike appearance of other honey bee hatchlings. Apidae hatchlings can't crap as there is no association between the midgut and hindgut. In lone honey bees, after the larval food source is gone the honey bee will crap, and afterward very quickly pupate. Numerous honey bee hatchlings spin silken cocoons for themselves.
Fertilized eggs form into females while unfertilized eggs develop into males. Subsequent to mating, the female stores the sperm in her spermatheca. Mating just one time will give her enough sperm for the life time. As an egg pass down her oviduct, she controls whether it gets prepared, by permitting whether sperm can leave the spermatheca as the egg passes.
What is The Life-Span of These Bees?
Solitary honey bees incubate in the mid year or fall and spend the colder time of year in their home. They arise in the spring or summer to reproduce and then die. Among social honey bees, queen bees can live for quite a long while. The worker bees typically live only a couple of weeks or months, albeit some live through the colder time of year. Male honey bees typically live a couple of months and often pass on soon after mating.
What Are Their Behavioral Qualities?
Numerous honey bee species (called burglar honey bees) are parasitic upon other honey bee species. These honey bees eat the put away food implied for the host hatchlings, starving or even straightforwardly murdering the host.
Most honey bees scrounge during the day, whenever it is sufficiently warm. Bumble bees assemble huge hives out of wax, high up in trees or precipices. Honey bees make more modest homes in openings underground, normally deserted abandoned mammal burrows. Practically any sort of secured place can be used as a nest by honey bees, like scarab drilled holes in wood, openings in dividers or empty trees, snail shells, or under rocks.
A couple of honey bees are nighttime, and practice on gathering dust from certain nigh blossoming flowers. Perdita species gather pollen just from evening primroses and their nearby family members, and individuals from the cucumber family are frequented by Xenoglossa. To see better around evening time, nighttime honey bees will in general have bigger eyes and more obscure shading.
What Are Their Roles in Ecosystem?
Honey bees are essential for the endurance of numerous biological systems, as without them numerous plants couldn't reproduce. Honey bees fertilize a bigger number of plants than some other bug. They are imperative to such an extent that numerous types of singular honey bees in the family Megachile are farmed and really focused because of their importance in pollinating commercial crops. Geohoney focuses more on saving the little honey bees by providing them bee friendly locations & climatic conditions that will help them survive and live a healthy life.