Category Filter
BannerLifespan Of Honey Bees BannerHow Honey Bee Makes True Honey BannerPollination by Honey Bees BannerHow Honey Bees Are Important For Planet BannerHoney Bee Swarms BannerExamining the Chemical Makeup of Royal Jelly BannerWhy Use Geohoney Raw Honey BannerBee Honey: History Of This Natural Sweetener As Food, As Medicine & In Culture BannerWonderful Facts About Honey Bees That Are Sure To Fascinate The Kids BannerIncreased Aggression and Reduced Aversive Learning: Knowing The Causes Behind This Problem BannerRoyal Jelly - Surprising Health Benefits Of This Wonderful Bee Product BannerHow Propolis Powder and Liquid are made? BannerPackaging & supply chain of honey BannerColony Collapse Disorder BannerHoney Bees Species BannerCircular Economy Of Honey BannerHoney and Ayurveda's Path to Healing BannerBest Plants For Honey Bees BannerDetails of Honey Bee Trap BannerBeekeeping in India BannerFascinating Honey Bee Dance BannerHow To Protect Honey Bees in Beekeeping? BannerWays Of Attracting Honey Bees BannerHoney Preservation: Best Practices That Keeps It Healthy For A Longer Time BannerAnotomy of Honey Bee BannerBee Keeping In Honey Business BannerPlants & Flowers Producing True Honey BannerDifference Between Honeycombs & Bee Nests
Category Filter

SEARCH BY TITLE

SEARCH BY DATE

CATEGORY

SHARE

Customers who read this article also read
What is Honey? Why Geohoney? What is Honey? Why Geohoney?
Honey Worldwide Honey Worldwide
Bees Also Dance And Dream: Some Interesting Facts About Them Bees Also Dance And Dream: Some Interesting Facts About Them
Facts About Honey Bee Queen Facts About Honey Bee Queen
Global Honey Statistics Global Honey Statistics
Significance Of Pollination In Beekeeping Significance Of Pollination In Beekeeping
Hive Management in Beekeeping Hive Management in Beekeeping
Honey & Beeswax Extraction in Beekeeping Honey & Beeswax Extraction in Beekeeping
Honey Bee Queen in Beekeeping Honey Bee Queen in Beekeeping
Difference Between Honeycombs & Bee Nests Difference Between Honeycombs & Bee Nests
Polyfloral Honey Polyfloral Honey
Monofloral Honey Monofloral Honey
Amazing Facts of Honey Bee Amazing Facts of Honey Bee
Types of Honey Bees Types of Honey Bees
Plants & Flowers Producing True Honey Plants & Flowers Producing True Honey
Bee Keeping In Honey Business Bee Keeping In Honey Business
Honey Glossary Honey Glossary
Anotomy of Honey Bee Anotomy of Honey Bee
Colonies of Honey Bee Colonies of Honey Bee
Honey Preservation: Best Practices That Keeps It Healthy For A Longer Time Honey Preservation: Best Practices That Keeps It Healthy For A Longer Time
Undiscovered Secrets of World Best Honey Undiscovered Secrets of World Best Honey
Ways Of Attracting Honey Bees Ways Of Attracting Honey Bees
How To Protect Honey Bees in Beekeeping? How To Protect Honey Bees in Beekeeping?
Pollination by Honey Bees Pollination by Honey Bees
Fascinating Honey Bee Dance Fascinating Honey Bee Dance
Honey Beekeeping Tips For Beginners Honey Beekeeping Tips For Beginners
Ancient Significance of Honey Bees Ancient Significance of Honey Bees
Incredible Body Structure of Honey Bees Incredible Body Structure of Honey Bees
Significance Of Honey Bee Garden Significance Of Honey Bee Garden
Beekeeping in India Beekeeping in India
Honey Bee Health Issues: Potential Reasons Of Bee Colony Collapse Honey Bee Health Issues: Potential Reasons Of Bee Colony Collapse
Details of Honey Bee Trap Details of Honey Bee Trap
Best Plants For Honey Bees Best Plants For Honey Bees
Honey Bee Farming Honey Bee Farming
Honey Bee Swarms Honey Bee Swarms
Knowing The Adverse Impacts Of Climate Change On Flowering Plants And Bees Knowing The Adverse Impacts Of Climate Change On Flowering Plants And Bees
Honey Bee Farming As A Hobby: A Great Step To Minimize The Decrease Of Honey Bee Population Honey Bee Farming As A Hobby: A Great Step To Minimize The Decrease Of Honey Bee Population
An Overview On Medicinal Benefits Of Raw Honey An Overview On Medicinal Benefits Of Raw Honey
Fruitful Trees For The Lovely Bees That Help Producing The Best Honey Fruitful Trees For The Lovely Bees That Help Producing The Best Honey
Bee Honey: History Of This Natural Sweetener As Food, As Medicine & In Culture Bee Honey: History Of This Natural Sweetener As Food, As Medicine & In Culture
Wonderful Facts About Honey Bees That Are Sure To Fascinate The Kids Wonderful Facts About Honey Bees That Are Sure To Fascinate The Kids
Monofloral Honey: 7 Best Types And Their Never-Ending Benefits Monofloral Honey: 7 Best Types And Their Never-Ending Benefits
Increased Aggression and Reduced Aversive Learning: Knowing The Causes Behind This Problem Increased Aggression and Reduced Aversive Learning: Knowing The Causes Behind This Problem
Everything About The Numerous Varieties Of Honey Available All Around The World & Their Holistic Benefits Everything About The Numerous Varieties Of Honey Available All Around The World & Their Holistic Benefits
Becoming A Beekeeper Is A New Career Option To Protect The Little Bees & Ecosystem Becoming A Beekeeper Is A New Career Option To Protect The Little Bees & Ecosystem
An All-Inclusive Guide To Learn How And Where To Build Up Your Own Honey Bee Colonies An All-Inclusive Guide To Learn How And Where To Build Up Your Own Honey Bee Colonies
Apiculture – All You Need To Know About Its Importance In Human Lives Apiculture – All You Need To Know About Its Importance In Human Lives
The Apidae Family: Everything You Need To Know About This Honey Bees Specie The Apidae Family: Everything You Need To Know About This Honey Bees Specie
Veterinary Diagnostic Of Honey Bee Diseases: A Valuable Approach To Save Little Pollinators Veterinary Diagnostic Of Honey Bee Diseases: A Valuable Approach To Save Little Pollinators
Exploring The Amazing Honey Varieties Produced By Little Honey Bees Exploring The Amazing Honey Varieties Produced By Little Honey Bees
Beekeeping As A Hobby: Myths That Are Must To Avoid Beekeeping As A Hobby: Myths That Are Must To Avoid
Knowing How Caffeine Can Boost Bees Focus? Knowing How Caffeine Can Boost Bees Focus?
Knowing Everything About The Fascinating Honey Bee Biology Knowing Everything About The Fascinating Honey Bee Biology
Types Of Bees - Diet, Habitat And Their Impact Types Of Bees - Diet, Habitat And Their Impact
Honey Bees Have The Amazing Ability To Learn Odd & Even Numbers - Read More! Honey Bees Have The Amazing Ability To Learn Odd & Even Numbers - Read More!
Are Honey Bees Helping The Environment? Let's Know The Truth! Are Honey Bees Helping The Environment? Let's Know The Truth!
Video Recordings Are A New Way Of Understanding Rare Honey Bee Behaviors Video Recordings Are A New Way Of Understanding Rare Honey Bee Behaviors
Honey & Its Importance In Different World Religions Honey & Its Importance In Different World Religions
Natural Honey - Its Neurological Effect Is Worth Knowing! Natural Honey - Its Neurological Effect Is Worth Knowing!
Acacia Honey: Characterization Of This Popular Honey Based On Physicochemical Parameters And Chemometrics Acacia Honey: Characterization Of This Popular Honey Based On Physicochemical Parameters And Chemometrics
Prevalence Of Honey Bees In Ancient Art & Human History Prevalence Of Honey Bees In Ancient Art & Human History
Increasing Sickness Rate Of Wild Bumble Bees – What's The Key Factor? Increasing Sickness Rate Of Wild Bumble Bees – What's The Key Factor?
Bees Can Search And Remember Flowers Just Like Humans: Know How! Bees Can Search And Remember Flowers Just Like Humans: Know How!
Swarming Bees: What Is It All About And Are They Dangerous? Swarming Bees: What Is It All About And Are They Dangerous?
Honey Bees Are In Love With Small Urban Gardens – Know Why? Honey Bees Are In Love With Small Urban Gardens – Know Why?
Himalayan Salt Lamps – A Detailed Info Himalayan Salt Lamps – A Detailed Info
Bee Pollen - Composition, Uses and Benefits Of This Healthy Bee Product Bee Pollen - Composition, Uses and Benefits Of This Healthy Bee Product
Buckwheat Honey - Know All About This Unique Flavored Honey Buckwheat Honey - Know All About This Unique Flavored Honey
Honey Bees - Diving Into The World Of Lovely Pollinators Honey Bees - Diving Into The World Of Lovely Pollinators
Royal Jelly - Surprising Health Benefits Of This Wonderful Bee Product Royal Jelly - Surprising Health Benefits Of This Wonderful Bee Product
What Is The Secret Behind The Hexagonal Shape Of Honeycomb Cells? What Is The Secret Behind The Hexagonal Shape Of Honeycomb Cells?
Memory Formation In Bees – They Can Remember Exact Odors Soon After A Single Learning Experience Memory Formation In Bees – They Can Remember Exact Odors Soon After A Single Learning Experience
Importance Of Social Networks In Studying Life Of The Honey Bees Importance Of Social Networks In Studying Life Of The Honey Bees
Uncovering The Hidden Superpowers Of Honey Bees Uncovering The Hidden Superpowers Of Honey Bees
What Is More Interesting Than Honey In A Beehive? What Is More Interesting Than Honey In A Beehive?
African Beekeepers Teach Great Ways To Build Strong Bee Colonies African Beekeepers Teach Great Ways To Build Strong Bee Colonies
How Bees And Birds Beneficial In Coffee Farming? How Bees And Birds Beneficial In Coffee Farming?
Common Weed Killer – Good For Animals But Bad For The Bees! Common Weed Killer – Good For Animals But Bad For The Bees!
Asymmetrical Development Of Bees Wings Is Due To Climate Stress Asymmetrical Development Of Bees Wings Is Due To Climate Stress
Environmental Threats And Concerns On Bees Environmental Threats And Concerns On Bees
Bumble Bees Play With Toys and Might Even Enjoy It Bumble Bees Play With Toys and Might Even Enjoy It
Social Distancing is now seen even in Honeybees Social Distancing is now seen even in Honeybees
Biodiversity and Habitat Quality affects Bee Health Biodiversity and Habitat Quality affects Bee Health
 Introduction to Bee Venom Therapy: A General Overview of What Bee Venom Therapy is? Introduction to Bee Venom Therapy: A General Overview of What Bee Venom Therapy is?
Honey in Folklore and Mythology Honey in Folklore and Mythology
The Role of Carniolan Honey Bees in Agricultural Ecosystems The Role of Carniolan Honey Bees in Agricultural Ecosystems
How Honey Bees Communicate Through Chemical Signals How Honey Bees Communicate Through Chemical Signals
Exploring the World of Himalayan Salt Lamps Exploring the World of Himalayan Salt Lamps
Bumble Bees Warm Up While Carrying Pollen Bumble Bees Warm Up While Carrying Pollen
Carpenter Bees Unearthing Intriguing Insights Carpenter Bees Unearthing Intriguing Insights
Mason Bee Detection and Qualities Mason Bee Detection and Qualities
Characteristics of Africanized Honey Bees Characteristics of Africanized Honey Bees
Propolis: The Power of Beekeeping Propolis: The Power of Beekeeping
Climate Change: A Work in Progress Climate Change: A Work in Progress
A Comprehensive Guide to the Tawny Mining Bee A Comprehensive Guide to the Tawny Mining Bee
Bee-Friendly Farming Practices Bee-Friendly Farming Practices
The Comprehensive Guide to Honeybee Diseases and Pests The Comprehensive Guide to Honeybee Diseases and Pests
History of Honeybee Domestication History of Honeybee Domestication
Traditional and Modern Use of Raw Honey in Medicine Traditional and Modern Use of Raw Honey in Medicine
Historical Insights and Potential Future of the Global Honey Industry Historical Insights and Potential Future of the Global Honey Industry
The Bees Knees: Exploring Honey in the Digital Age The Bees Knees: Exploring Honey in the Digital Age
Honeycombs Role in Rituals and Research Honeycombs Role in Rituals and Research
Organic Sugar: Beyond Just a Sweetener Organic Sugar: Beyond Just a Sweetener

Complex Chemistry Behind Natures Best Superfood Honey

Reading Time: 3 minutes, 46 seconds Post Views: 1890

Who said only humans know the science? Bees know it too, in fact, better. Thus, they produce nature's best product, and we call it HONEY. Therefore, bees are called the greatest scientist and producers. However, it does not get ready in a day or two; there is lots of chemistry and stringent process behind it, which begins with collecting nectar.

In the end, we get a natural viscous supersaturated solution. It seems simple, but it's tough!

We have explained this complex composition of honey easily so that you can understand how hard bees work.

Beginning of Honey Making 

The process of honey-making begins with the extraction of nectar found in the nectarines gland of flowers. It is a slightly sweet colorless liquid that mainly consists of sucrose and has high water content. Bees convert this nectar into honey through hydrolysis and evaporation that takes a few days and teamwork. Here is each step explained:

Nectar Collection 

Bees suck or fill up nectar in their honey stomach (a separate area in their digestive tract). It takes around an hour to fill nectar weighing around 50 percent of their body weight. Most of the nectar is used for making honey, whereas the rest is used as a source of food and storage.

Sugar Breakdown

Nectar is a mixture of complex sugar composition and water. Around 70-80 percent of nectar is water; therefore, it's less viscous. Sucrose is the major sugar found in nectar, which is a complex sugar known as a disaccharide. However, it is hard to digest; thus, bees breakdown sucrose into monosaccharide (simple sugar).

Bees perform this tough task of breakdown with the help of their digestive enzymes. Following enzymes are used up in the process:

  • Invertase is the major enzyme as it breakdown the complex sugar in nectar into glucose and fructose.
  • Amylase is added during the process of ripening of nectar. It further breakdown the glucose into smaller molecules.
  • Glucose is further converted into gluconolactone by an enzyme called glucose oxidase. After this step, hydrogen peroxide and gluconic acid as by-products are obtained.

    Glucose oxidase also maintains the pH value of honey acidity, and prevents the growth of bacteria. 
  • Catalase converts the peroxide into oxygen and water.
  • Acid phosphorylase separates the organic and inorganic phosphates from the remaining product.

No single bee can perform this entire process of hydrolysis; it takes teamwork. The collected nectar is thus, transferred to forager bees, who add more enzymes to it. It is then passed to other bees and continues for 20 minutes or until 20 percent of water is left in the nectar.

Evaporation 

The hydrolyzed nectar is then stored in the honeycomb and evaporated. Bees continuously flutter their wings and maintain the temperature up to 35 degrees C to reduce the water content from processed nectar. 

The process continues until the water reduces to 18 percent. However, it increases the concentration of sugar in the nectar, making it a supersaturated solution.

Honey remains in the best condition when stored at a lower temperature. But at high-temperature, honey chemistry undergo several changes.  

How Does Temperature Affect Honey Chemistry?

Temperature can change the chemistry and physical appearance of honey. Here's how.

Crystallization

The high amount of glucose in honey can form crystals, thus increasing the chances of fermentation. To prevent this, honey bees seal the honeycomb's top with beeswax so that moisture and glucose do not form crystals. Do not shake or preserve honey at high temperatures as it results in crystallization.

Viscosity 

Real honey is thick however, keeping it at a high temperature affects viscosity. The higher the temperature, less is the viscosity and vice versa.  

Caramelization

Honey has a pH value of 4, which means it is less acidic. This slightly acidic nature of honey can result in browning or caramelization when heated. It happens due to the breakdown and reformation of molecular bonds upon heating. It is called the Maillard reaction.

Besides temperature, moisture content also affects honey chemistry. Therefore, it is always kept covered as moisture in the surrounding can ferment the honey. However, little moisture is needed for preservation, but fermentation begins when the moisture level goes beyond 25 percent.

Bees ensure that neither temperature nor moisture affects the honey stored in the honeycomb. Truly, they are the world's best chemists. Humans can only best preserve this hard work by bees keeping temperature and storage requirements in mind.

Geohoney offers the best monofloral varieties of honey without compromising with it’s taste, texture, and viscosity.

Comments (1)

Ahad

I like the different flavors of GeoHoney.

Leave a Comment

Please fill out this field.

What’s the buzz, Join the hive !

Rate your Experience

  • Bad Rating (77)
  • Average Rating (437)
  • Good Rating (4655)
  • (Total 5169 ratings)
Visitors Counter 10,736,500 Visitors

SCAN HERE TO DOWNLOAD

THE GEOHONEY APP

App logo Qr code
Product menu
SCAN HERE
TO CHECK OUR
PRODUCTS MENU

SIGN UP TO OUR NEWSLETTER

Be the first to know about our hot deals, new arrivals.

This Is My Notification!! X
×