How Bees And Birds Beneficial In Coffee Farming?Reading Time: 2 minutes, 31 seconds Post Views: 1159
We all love to enjoy a cup of coffee any time of the day. But we rarely think about where these delicious coffee beans come from. Coffee beans are obtained from tropical regions, and it is an essential plant with a high worldwide export value. Though coffee growing plays a significant role in the livelihood of about 20-25 million households, we usually take this benefit of nature for granted.
It is known that 75% of leading crops such as tomatoes, potatoes, soybeans, etc., depend upon animal pollination. Coffee is also one such product that is produced by adequate pollination and partnership between the bees & the birds. Birds play a key role in controlling pests, and bees, on the other hand, help in the pollination of coffee plants.
Coffee is produced in probably the most natural wildlife-rich environments on the planet; however, cultivation methods are becoming intense. Arabica coffee (Coffea Arabica) is a different variety of coffee that can self-pollinate. Still, pollinators assist in increasing the fruit set (when a bloom changes into a berry) size and yield. Numerous studies have proved that coffee beans are more significant and more abundant when birds and honey bees collaborate to safeguard and pollinate these plants.
Without these winged partners, some voyaging a considerable number of miles, coffee farmers would see a 25% drop in crop yields, a deficiency of generally $1,066 per hectare of coffee. That is significant for the $26 billion coffee industry — including farmers, consumers, and companies who rely upon nature's neglected work for their morning buzz. Pollination by the bees and pest control by the birds offer more benefits than their individual contributions.
To find more about this, researchers conducted their studies on 30 small coffee farms in Costa Rica. First, research was done to find how coffee crops grew without birds and bees. On each side, four plants were encased with a plastic mesh small enough to bar foliage taking care of birds yet huge enough to permit honey bees and other little creatures to get to the plant. The four different plants were left unenclosed. On every one of the eight plants, four comparable branches were chosen, and honey bees were barred from visiting blossoms on these branches by fine nylon mesh gauze bags.
The outcomes showed that birds and honey bees expanded fruit set and weight by 4-11% and decreased Broca invasion. These impacts were most noteworthy when the two birds and honey bees were both permitted to visit coffee plants.
According to Mr. Basem Barry, founder & CEO of Geohoney, birds, bees, and other pollinators are essential for the environment and for supporting our lives. We must save these significant pollinators as they are facing severe threats like habitat destruction and climate change. Whether you are a farmer, beekeeper, or homeowner, there are many ways to adapt to support these economic drivers, as their work is crucial to a vast segment of our agricultural and food production system. Do simple things for pollinators and make a difference on the planet.