Honey and beekeeping have a long history since ancient times. With the development of civilization, honey acquired a unique status in the lives of people. People believe that honey is a magical & divine substance obtained from the hives of little honey bees.
Honey bees are the important pollinators present in our ecosystem. They have been firmly connected with people since old times and have arrived at the most significant level of domestication. The principal proof of this relationship between man and honey bees became visible from the stone canvases made by primitive man.
Bees are important creatures on the planet that give us numerous useful things. We get honey from these honey bees and as we all know, this golden liquid is significant nourishment for people. Honey is utilized for treating various illnesses, and it is a cancer prevention agent, which increased the importance of apiculture in keeping human beings healthy & fit.
Apiculture, in general, can be defined as the breeding of honey bees for the commercial production of honey and bee wax using modern methods. The term apiculture is derived from the scientific (generic) name of the honeybees which is ‘Apis’. In this method, honey bees are commercially bred in apiaries which are set up in areas that have flowering plants.
To obtain the desired results from apiculture, the beekeeper needs a solid strategy involving the below key points –
(1)Knowledge of Local Surroundings –
This information is vital for the beekeeper as it tells which harvests give nectar & pollen to the bumble bees, where the yields are found, and how productive they are. This additionally gives timing to moving bee states into and out of fields for pollinating different food crops for producers. This information not just invigorates the circumstance for amplifying the potency of provinces to exploit nectar streams, yet in addition recognizes times when there will be a lack of nourishment for the honey bees.
(2)Selection of Honey Bees –
This is the most essential step in the entire process. In general, honey bees that are selected for apiculture should have following qualities –
· High honey yielding capacity
· Should have the option to shape the hive at anyplace
· Working drones should be brilliant and enthusiastic
· Should have the option to shield themselves from the adversaries
- Should have a colonial habit
(3) Understanding of Honey Bee Biology –
The beekeeper should comprehend the common senses of the honey bee to encourage a climate to upgrade the profitability of the state. Honey bees are social bugs and hence the beekeeper should manage whole states rather than overseeing at the individual bee level. To do this, the beekeeper should have decent information on the bumble bee life cycle, occasional patterns of the colonies, various kinds of honey bees, and their illnesses. Since the majority of the beekeeper's goals spin around honey bees gathering nectar, information on the food necessities and how they collect food is extremely vital.
(4) Beekeeping Techniques –
Various fundamental beekeeping strategies are utilized to guarantee bee colony wellbeing and to boost province strength at the ideal times. These techniques, however, vary depending upon the conditions of specific areas.
Important Bee Products That Are a Part of Our Daily Diet –
- Royal Jelly
Importance of Apiculture:
· It requires less time and infrastructure investments.
· Honey & other bee products can be produced in an area with less agricultural value.
· As honey bees play a major role in pollinating crops all around the world, beekeeping thus offers various positive ecological benefits.
· It can be easily initiated by individuals or by groups.
· The market potential of honey bee products is high as these products come with exceptional health benefits.
Honey bees are extremely vital for all of us. Beekeeping, therefore, holds great importance to take care of the health & safety of bees, the ongoing cycle of life, and even for us to survive. Geohoney always looks beyond the common ways to help these lovely little pollinators survive so that we humans can live a healthy life.